Progress Report on Emergency Health Services for Riot Victims in Refugee Camps
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Progress Report on Emergency Health Service for Riot Victims in Refugee Camps
During 2009, the conditions of Kondhamal district in Orissa, India deteriorated significantly due to ethnic conflicts
between Hindus and Christians with violence, reprisals, and confrontations. Casualties, loss of life, damage to property were reported on a daily basis.
Violence Against Christian Minorities:
- 5th January, 2008 – The celebration of Christmas, an event of joy and peace turned out to be a tragedy for the people of Kondhamal district in Orissa.
- Rioters torched hundreds of Churches, institutions and houses.
- 12 people died and several injured.
Killing Hindu Leader:
- During January, 2009 the Hindu fundamentalists Swami Laxmnananda was killed by a group of unknown people called Mawawadi.
- As a result ethnic conflicts between Hindus and Christians continued.
- 1000 Christians and Hindus were displaced from their houses.
- 120 people were killed and more than 3000 people injured including 350 children.
What are the various issues involved in the violent conflict of Kondhamal:
- Vested interest of outside caste business people
- Change of culture due to arrival of religious institutions
- Fundamentalists influence on innocent people
- Caste based discrimination
- Poverty & Ignorance
- Religious difference
- Land related issues
- Social stratification
- Lack of local leadership
Who is responsible for ethnic conflict, racism and violence?
- District Administration
- Religious leaders controversial speech
- Caste based organization
- Power hungry groups
Health problems in refugee camps and riot affected villages:
- Skin diseases
Emergency health intervention made by JRP in refugee camps in Kondhamal:
After the ethnic conflicts, diarrhoea deaths among the children were found as one of the most prominent problems in refugee camps. After, it was reported that two infants
died in the refugee camps, the emergency medical team of JRP along with the local NGO visited the camps and conducted regular, emergency health services with the support of local
health administration. Following activities were carried out during the project period:
a) KAP Study on ORT:
A survey was conducted by JRP and its partners to evaluate mother’s attitudes to diarrhoea management.
It showed that the practice of increasing the amount of fluid given during diarrhoea was discouragingly low. Fluids most commonly given were water (40%).
Most mothers continued to breast fed and a considerable number continued semi solid feeding. About a third of mothers were able to name three or more symptoms of dehydration.
b) JRP Response to Ethnic Conflict in terms of Emergency Health Services especially for children & Pregnant Mothers:
JRP purchased Halazone ORS and PUR for immediate distribution. Additionally UNICEF provided 1000 units. Non-pharma items including gloves, aprons, plastic sheets, plastic
buckets were purchased. A medical team headed by its doctor was deployed to Kondhamal as all the Govt. doctors escaped/migrated from the district due to fear of ethnic conflict to
assist the administration in epidemiological assessment and treatment protocols. The water consultant of JRP was also deputed to Kondhamal to assist administration in assessing water
quality and sanitation issue. With the help of Government health officials, the NGO representatives working in refugee camps were oriented on preventive aspects of the outbreak.
It was found in the refugee camps that the child and maternal malnutrition is very high. All most 40-50% of the women & Children staying
in refugee camps were suffering from malnutrition. During our health camps all the 620 children were given vitamin A supplements in the refugee camps. A Nutrition counselor was
deputed to provide counselling to mothers on improving nutritional status of children, adolescent girls and women.
Health check-ups of Pregnant Women:
92 pregnant women staying in the refugee camps were provided regular health services by JRP medical team
12 deliveries were conducted with the help of Govt. health administration. ANC/PNC check ups are being conducted in the refugee camps.
Kondhamal is a malaria endemic district 162 people in the camps including 23 children suffered from malaria. All were treated by our
team. Medicated mosquito net was distributed with the support of Government. Pregnant women were given separate mosquito nets to save them and the fetus from Malaria.
To promote sanitation and hygiene and to reduce diarrheal diseases, 20 temporary toilets were constructed in the refugee camp with the
support of RWSS, Govt. of Orissa. As a result lot of diarrhoeal cases among the children were tackled. The women also felt comfortable for going to toilets instead of going
to outside for open defecation.
The adolescent girls and youth volunteers of the refugee camps were sensitize on sanitation and hygiene issues and were trained on safe
disposal of waste in the refugee camps. As a result the youth volunteers were engaged in the waste disposal system in the camps resulting in to reduction of diarrheal
diseases. Plastic buckets were given for waste collection and disposal.
No of women
below 5 yrs
ANC check up||
PNC check up||
General Health check up||
Iron Folic Tablets||
Treatment for RTI/STI||
Oral pills distribution||
TB Treatment (DOTs)||
Physiotherapy of disabled children||
Dental Health check up||
Eye check up||